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B6db references: 17209548

type Journal Article
authors Counts KG, Wong I, Oliveira MA
title Investigating the geminal diamine intermediate of Yersinia pestis arginine decarboxylase with substrate, product, and inhibitors using single wavelength stopped-flow spectroscopy
journal Biochemistry
sel selected
ui 17209548
year (2007)
volume 46
number 2
pages 379-86
abstract The reaction mechanism of Yersinia pestis arginine decarboxylase has been investigated using a series of substrate, product, and inhibitors. Using single wavelength stopped-flow spectroscopy, novel mechanistic features were noted in the presence of the product, agmatine. By focusing on the excitation and emission wavelengths of the geminal diamine intermediate, we were able to monitor the formation and decay of two different geminal diamine species. Experiments revealed that the enzyme exists in two different conformational states--one that binds ligand and one that does not. The on and off rates for the conversion between the two conformational states was determined to be 390 s-1 and 880 s-1, respectively. The KD for agmatine binding was 6 mM. In addition, experiments revealed a pH-dependent conversion between two states of the enzyme. The deprotonated form of the enzyme binds ligand more slowly than the protonated form. The rates for the formation of the geminal diamine and external aldimine in this pathway were determined to be 25 and 4 s-1, respectively. There is also a slow interconversion between the protonated and deprotonated enzymes that has a pKa of approximately 8.0. Finally, the formation of the geminal diamine was determined to be Mg2+-dependent.
last changed 2018/05/07 14:44

B6db references