|Zhang Y, Bai L, Deng Z.
|Functional characterization of the first two actinomycete 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate lyase genes
|Amino Acid Sequence
|In some antibiotic producers, p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) or its immediate precursor, 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate (ADC), is involved in primary metabolism and antibiotic biosynthesis. In Streptomyces sp. FR-008, a gene pabC-1 putatively encoding a fold-type IV pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme was found within the antibiotic FR-008/candicidin biosynthetic gene cluster, whose inactivation significantly reduced the productivity of antibiotic FR-008 to about 20% of the wild-type level. Its specific role in PABA formation was further demonstrated by the successful complementation of an Escherichia coli pabC mutant. Moreover, a free-standing gene pabC-2, probably encoding another fold-type IV PLP-dependent enzyme, was cloned from the same strain. Inactivation of pabC-2 reduced antibiotic FR-008 yield to about 57% of the wild-type level in the mutant, and the complementation of the E. coli pabC mutant established its involvement in PABA biosynthesis. Furthermore, a pabC-1/pabC-2 double mutant only retained about 4% of the wild-type antibiotic FR-008 productivity, clearly indicating that pabC-2 also contributed to biosynthesis of this antibiotic. Surprisingly, apparently retarded growth of the double mutant was observed on minimal medium, which suggested that both pabC-1 and pabC-2 are involved in PABA biosynthesis for primary metabolism. Finally, both PabC-1 and PabC-2 were shown to be functional ADC lyases by in vitro enzymic lysis with the release of pyruvate. pabC-1 and pabC-2 appear to represent the first two functional ADC lyase genes identified in actinomycetes. The involvement of these two ADC lyase genes in both cell growth and antibiotic FR-008 biosynthesis sets an example for the interplay between primary and secondary metabolisms in bacteria.