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B6db references: 22311068

type Journal Article
authors Ito T, Murase H, Maekawa M, Goto M, Hayashi S, Saito H, Maki M, Hemmi H, Yoshimura T.
title Metal ion dependency of serine racemase from Dictyostelium discoideum.
journal Amino Acids.
sel selected
ui 22311068
year (2012)
volume 43
number 4
pages 1567-76
abstract D-Serine is known to act as an endogenous co-agonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in the mammalian brain and is endogenously synthesized from L-serine by a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme, serine racemase. Though the soil-living mycetozoa Dictyostelium discoideum possesses no genes homologous to that of NMDA receptor, it contains genes encoding putative proteins relating to the D-serine metabolism, such as serine racemase, D-amino acid oxidase, and D-serine dehydratase. D. discoideum is an attractive target for the elucidation of the unknown functions of D-serine such as a role in cell development. As part of the elucidation of the role of D-serine in D. discoideum, we cloned, overexpressed, and examined the properties of the putative serine racemase exhibiting 46% amino acid sequence similarity with the human enzyme. The enzyme is unique in its stimulation by monovalent cations such as Na(+) in addition to Mg(2+) and Ca(2+), which are well-known activators for the mammalian serine racemase. Mg(2+) or Na(+) binding caused two- to ninefold enhancement of the rates of both racemization and dehydration. The half-maximal activation concentrations of Mg(2+) and Na(+) were determined to be 1.2 μM and 2.2 mM, respectively. In the L-serine dehydrase reaction, Mg(2+) and Na(+) enhanced the k (cat) value without changing the K (m) value. Alanine mutation of the residues E207 and D213, which correspond to the Mg(2+)-binding site of Schizosaccharomyces pombe serine racemase, abolished the Mg(2+)- and Na(+)-dependent stimulation. These results suggest that Mg(2+) and Na(+) share the common metal ion-binding site.
last changed 2014/03/06 16:00

B6db references