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B6db references: 24163283

type Journal Article
authors Mitsuya D, Tanaka S, Matsumura H, Urano N, Takano K, Ogasahara K, Takehira M, Yutani K, Ishida M.
title Strategy for cold adaptation of the tryptophan synthase α subunit from the psychrophile Shewanella frigidimarina K14-2: crystal structure and physicochemical properties
journal J Biochem
Activity 4.2.1.20
Family 4.2.1.20
sel selected
ui 24163283
year (2014)
volume 155
number 2
pages 73-82
 
keywords cold adaptation; crystal structure; protein unfolding and refolding; psychrophile; tryptophan synthase α subunit
abstract To investigate the molecular basis of cold adaptation of enzymes, we determined the crystal structure of the tryptophan synthase α subunit (SfTSA) from the psychrophile Shewanella frigidimarina K14-2 by X-ray analysis at 2.6- resolution and also examined its physicochemical properties. SfTSA was found to have the following characteristics: (i) The stabilities against heat and denaturant of SfTSA were lower than those of an α subunit (EcTSA) from Escherichia coli. This lower equilibrium stability originated from both a faster unfolding rate and a slower refolding rate; (ii) the heat denaturation of SfTSA was completely reversible at pH 7.0 and the solubility of denatured SfTSA was higher than that of denatured EcTSA. The two-state transition of denaturation for SfTSA was highly cooperative, whereas the denaturation process of EcTSA was considerably more complex and (iii) the global structure of SfTSA was quite similar to those of α subunits from other species. Relative to those other proteins, SfTSA exhibited an increase in cavity volume and a decrease in the number of ion pairs. SfTSA also lacks a hydrogen bond near loop B, related to catalytic function. These characteristics of SfTSA might provide the conformational flexibility required for catalytic activity at low temperatures.
last changed 2018/01/31 17:59

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