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B6db references: 25011099

type Journal Article
authors Liu SP, Liu RX, El-Rotail AA, Ding ZY, Gu ZH, Zhang L, Shi GY
title Heterologous pathway for the production of L-phenylglycine from glucose by E. coli
journal J Biotechnol
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ui 25011099
year (2014)
volume 186
pages 91-7
keywords Amycolatopsis orientalis; Streptomyces coelicolor; l-4-Hydroxyphenylglycine aminotransferase; l-Phenylglycine
abstract The aproteinogenic amino acid L-phenylglycine (L-Phg) is an important side chain building block for the preparation of several antibiotics and taxol. To biosynthesis L-Phg from glucose, an engineered Escherichia coli containing L-Phg synthetic genes was firstly developed by an L-phenylalanine producing chassis supplying phenylpyruvate. The enzymes HmaS (L-4-hydroxymandelate synthase), Hmo (L-4-hydroxymandelate oxidase) and HpgT (L-4-hydroxyphenylglycine transaminase) from Amycolatopsis orientalis as well as Streptomyces coelicolor were heterologously expressed in E. coli and purified to evaluate their abilities on L-Phg formation. HpgT conversing phenylglyoxylate to L-Phg uses an unusual amino donor L-phenylalanine, which releases another phenylpyruvate as the substrate of HmaS. Thus, a recycle reaction was developed to maximize the utilization of precursor phenylpyruvate. To amplify the accumulation of L-Phg, the effects of attenuating L-phenylalanine transamination was investigated. After deletion of tyrB and aspC, L-Phg yield increased by 12.6-fold. The limiting step in the L-Phg biosynthesis was also studied; the L-Phg yield was further improved by 14.9-fold after enhancing hmaS expression. Finally, by optimizing expression of hmaS, hmo and hpgT and attenuation of L-phenylalanine transamination, the L-Phg yield was increased by 224-fold comparing with the original strain.
last changed 2018/01/09 12:24

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