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B6db references: 29277660

type Journal Article
authors Phillips RS, Ting SC, Tetsadjio AG, Anderson KL, Friez KM, Miller KA, Hoover TR
title Properties and mechanism of d-glucosaminate-6-phosphate ammonia-lyase: An aminotransferase family enzyme with d-amino acid specificity
journal Biochim Biophys Acta
sel selected
ui 29277660
year (2018)
volume 1866
number 7
pages 799-805
keywords Aminotransferase family; Pyridoxal-5′-phosphate; Reaction mechanism; d-Amino acid
abstract Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium utilizes a wide range of growth substrates, some of which are relatively novel. One of these unusual substrates is d-glucosaminate, which is metabolized by the enzymes encoded in the dga operon. d-Glucosaminate is transported and converted to d-glucosaminate-6-phosphate (G6P) by a phosphotransferase system, composed of DgaABCD. The protein product of dgaE, d-glucosaminate-6-phosphate ammonia lyase (DGL), converts G6P to 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate-6-phosphate, which undergoes a retroaldol reaction catalyzed by the DgaF protein to give d-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and pyruvate. We have now developed an improved synthesis of G6P which gives a higher yield. The DGL reaction is of mechanistic interest because it is one of only a few enzymes in the pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent aminotransferase superfamily known to catalyze reaction of a d-amino acid substrate. The pH dependence of DGL shows an optimum at 7.5-8.5, suggesting a requirement for a catalytic base. α-Glycerophosphate and inorganic phosphate are weak competitive inhibitors, with Ki values near 30mM, and d-serine is neither a substrate nor an inhibitor. We have found in rapid-scanning stopped-flow experiments that DGL reacts rapidly with its substrate to form a quinonoid intermediate with λmax=480nm, within the dead time (ca. 2msec), which then rapidly decays (k=279s-1) to an intermediate with absorption between 330 and 350nm, probably an aminoacrylate complex. We suggest a mechanism for DGL and propose that the unusual stereochemistry of the DGL reaction requires a catalytic base poised on the opposite face of the PLP-substrate complex from the other members of the aminotransferase superfamily.
last changed 2018/10/05 11:53

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