Activities | Families | Sequences | Fold types | References | Help
B6db references: 8424655

type Journal Article
authors Rolland, N.; Droux, M.; Lebrun, M.; Douce, R.
title O-acetylserine(thiol)lyase from spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) leaf: cDNA cloning, characterization, and overexpression in Escherichia coli of the chloroplast isoform
journal Arch Biochem Biophys
sel selected
ui 8424655
year (1993)
volume 300
number 1
pages 213-22
keywords Amino Acid Sequence
abstract The last enzymatic step for L-cysteine biosynthesis is catalyzed by O- acetylserine(thiol)lyase (OASTL, EC which synthesizes L- cysteine from O-acetylserine and "sulfide." We have isolated and characterized a full-length cDNA (1432 bp) from a lambda gt11 library of spinach leaf encoding the complete precursor of the chloroplast isoform. The 1149-nucleotide open reading frame coding for O- acetylserine(thiol)lyase was in the direction opposite that of the lambda gt11 beta-galactosidase gene. The derived amino acid sequence indicates that the protein precursor consists of 383 amino acid residues including a N-terminal presequence peptide of 52 residues. The amino acid sequence of mature spinach chloroplast O- acetylserine(thiol)lyase shows 40 and 57% homology with its bacterial counterparts. Sequence comparison with several pyridoxal 5'-phosphate- containing proteins reveals the presence of a lysine residue assumed to be involved in cofactor binding. A synthetic cDNA was constructed, coding for the entire 331-amino-acid mature O-acetylserine(thiol)lyase and for an initiating methionine. A high level of expression of the active mature chloroplast isoform was achieved in an Escherichia coli strain carrying the T7 RNA polymerase system (F. W. Studier, A. H. Rosenberg, J. J. Dunn, and J. W. Dubendorff, 1990, in Methods in Enzymology, D. V. Goeddel, Ed., Vol. 185, pp. 60-89, Academic Press, San Diego, CA). Addition of pyridoxine to the bacterial growth medium enhanced the enzyme activity due to the recombinant protein. The extent of production is 25-fold higher than in chloroplast from spinach leaves and the recombinant protein presents the relative molecular mass and immunological properties of the natural enzyme from spinach leaf chloroplast. This work, together with our previous biochemical studies, are in accordance with a prokaryotic type enzyme for L-cysteine biosynthesis in higher plant chloroplasts. Southern blot analysis indicated that O-acetylserine(thiol)lyase is encoded by multiple genes in the spinach leaf genomic DNA.
last changed 2009/02/02 10:37

B6db references