Activities | Families | Sequences | Fold types | References | Help
B6db references: 90179170

type Journal Article
authors Bartsch, K.; Dichmann, R.; Schmitt, P.; Uhlmann, E.; Schulz, A.
title Stereospecific production of the herbicide phosphinothricin (glufosinate) by transamination: cloning, characterization, and overexpression of the gene encoding a phosphinothricin-specific transaminase from Escherichia coli
journal Environ Microbiol
sel unselected
ui 90179170
year (1990)
volume 56
number 1
pages 7-12
abstract We have cloned the gene encoding a 43-kilodalton transaminase from Escherichia coli K-12 with a specificity for L-phosphinothricin [L-homoalanine-4-yl-(methyl)phosphinic acid], the active ingredient of the herbicide Basta (Hoechst AG). The structural gene was isolated, together with its own promoter, and shown to be localized on a 1.6-kilobase DraI-BamHI fragment. The gene is subject to catabolite repression by glucose; however, repression could be relieved completely when 4-aminobutyrate (GABA) served as the sole nitrogen source. The regulation pattern obtained and a comparison of the restriction map of the initially cloned 15-kilobase SalI fragment with the physical map of the E. coli K-12 genome suggest that the cloned gene is identical with gabT, a locus on the gab gene cluster of E. coli K-12 which codes for the GABA:2-ketoglutartate transaminase (EC A number of expression plasmids carrying the isolated transaminase gene were constructed. With these constructs, the transaminase expression in transformants of E. coli could be increased up to 80-fold compared with that in a wild-type control, and the transaminase constituted up to 20% of the total soluble protein of the bacteria. Thus, the protein crude extracts of the transformants could be used, after a simple heat precipitation step, for the biotechnological production of L-phosphinothricin in an enzyme reactor.
last changed 2003/11/07 16:44

B6db references