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B6db references: 9488680

type Journal Article
authors McKie, A. E.; Edlind, T.; Walker, J.; Mottram, J. C.; Coombs, G. H.
title The primitive protozoon Trichomonas vaginalis contains two methionine gamma-lyase genes that encode members of the gamma-family of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes
journal J Biol Chem
sel selected
ui 9488680
year (1998)
volume 273
number 10
pages 5549-56
keywords Amino Acid Sequence
abstract Methionine gamma-lyase, the enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of methionine by an alpha,gamma-elimination reaction and is a member of the gamma-family of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes, is present in high activity in the primitive protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis but is absent from mammals. Two genes, mgl1 and mgl2, encoding methionine gamma-lyase, have now been isolated from T. vaginalis. They are both single copy, encode predicted proteins (MGL1 and MGL2) of 43 kDa, have 69% sequence identity with each other, and show a high degree of sequence identity to methionine gamma-lyase from Pseudomonas putida (44%) and other related pyridoxal 5'-phosphate- dependent enzymes such as human cystathionine gamma-lyase (42%) and Escherichia coli cystathionine beta-lyase (30%). mgl1 and mgl2 have been expressed in E. coli as a fusion with a six-histidine tag and the recombinant proteins (rMGL1 and rMGL2) purified by metal-chelate affinity chromatography. rMGL1 and rMGL2 were found to have high activity toward methionine (10.4 and 0.67 mumol/min/mg of protein, respectively), homocysteine (370 and 128 mumol/min/mg of protein), cysteine (6.02 and 1.06 mumol/min/mg of protein), and O-acetylserine (3.74 and 1.51 mumol/min/mg of protein), but to be inactive toward cystathionine. Site-directed mutagenesis of an active site cysteine (C113G for MGL1 and C116G for MGL2) reduced the activity of the recombinant enzymes toward both methionine and homocysteine by approximately 80% (rMGL1) and 90% (rMGL2). In contrast, the activity of mutated rMGL2 toward cysteine and O-acetylserine was increased (to 214 and 142%, respectively), whereas that of mutated rMGL1 was reduced to 39 and 49%, respectively. These findings demonstrate the importance of this cysteine residue in the alpha,beta-elimination and alpha, gamma- elimination reactions catalyzed by trichomonad methionine gamma-lyase.
last changed 2009/07/01 13:17

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