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B6db references: 9878407

type Journal Article
authors Storici, P.; Capitani, G.; Muller, R.; Schirmer, T.; Jansonius, J. N.
title Crystal structure of human ornithine aminotransferase complexed with the highly specific and potent inhibitor 5-fluoromethylornithine
journal J Mol Biol
sel selected
ui 9878407
year (1999)
volume 285
number 1
pages 297-309
abstract Ornithine aminotransferase (l-ornithine:2-oxoacid delta- aminotransferase; EC, a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent mitochondrial enzyme controls the l-ornithine level in tissues by catalyzing the transfer of the delta-amino group of l-ornithine to 2- oxoglutarate, producing l-glutamate- gamma-semialdehyde and l- glutamate. (2S, 5S)-5-Fluoromethylornithine is the only inhibitor exclusively specific for ornithine aminotransferase known to date. Both in vitro and in vivo, it blocks the enzyme by a suicide reaction leading to a covalent adduct with the cofactor. The crystal structure of the enzyme-inhibitor complex was solved at a resolution of 1.95 A. No significant conformational changes compared with the native enzyme structure were observed. The structure reveals the atomic details of the cofactor-inhibitor adduct and its interactions with the active site of the enzyme. The main residues responsible for specific binding of the inhibitor are Arg180, which forms a strong salt bridge with the alpha-carboxylate and Tyr55, which is involved in a short hydrogen bond with the alpha-amino group. The experimental observation that in the racemic mixture, (2S, 5S)-5-fluoromethylornithine is exclusively responsible for the enzyme inhibition can be explained on the basis of the active site topology. Model building studies strongly suggest that the natural substrate l-ornithine, in its external aldimine adduct with the enzyme, makes use of the same recognition site as the inhibitor. It is proposed that the neutralization of the active site Arg413 by a salt bridge with Glu235 also plays an important role in productive binding of both 5-fluoromethylornithine and l-ornithine. Arg180 and Arg413 are believed to be instrumental in recognition of l-glutamate, by binding its gamma and alpha-carboxylate groups, respectively. This requires a different side-chain conformation of Glu235. Lys292 is the only obvious candidate for catalyzing the rate-limiting proton transfer steps in the transamination reaction.
last changed 2009/04/28 09:42

B6db references