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B6db references: noncbirecord

type Journal Article
authors Ye, X.; Rollin, J.; Zhang, Y.
title Thermophilic alpha-glucan phosphorylase from Clostridium thermocellum: cloning, characterization and enhanced thermostability
journal J Mol Catal B: Enzymatic
sel selected
ui NoNCBIrecord
year (2010)
volume 65
number 1–4
pages 110-116
abstract ORF Cthe0357 from the thermophilic bacterium Clostridium thermocellum ATCC 27405 that encodes a putative α-glucan phosphorylase (αGP) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The protein with a C-terminal His-tag was purified by Ni2+ affinity chromatography; the tag-free protein obtained from a cellulose-binding module–intein–αGP fusion protein was purified through affinity adsorption on amorphous cellulose followed by intein self-cleavage. Both purified enzymes had molecular weights of ca. 81,000 and similar specific activities. The optimal conditions were pH 6.0–6.5 and 60 °C for the synthesis direction and pH 7.0–7.5 and 80 °C for the degradation direction. This enzyme had broad substrate specificities for different chain length dextrins and soluble starch. The thermal inactivation of this enzyme strongly depended on temperature, protein concentration, and certain addictives that were shown previously to benefit the protein thermostability. The half lifetime of 0.05 mg αGP/mL at 50 °C was extended by 45-fold to 90 h through a combined addition of 0.1 mM Mg2+, 5 mM DTT, 1% NaCl, 0.1% Triton X-100, and 1 mg/mL BSA. The enzyme with prolonged stability would work as a building block for cell-free synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformations, which can implement complicated biocatalysis through assembly of a number of enzymes and coenzymes.
last changed 2018/05/24 14:27

B6db references