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B6db references: bshcwee

type Journal Article
authors Hansson, M.; Rutberg, L.; Schroder, I.; Hederstedt, L.
title The Bacillus subtilis hemAXCDBL gene cluster, which encodes enzymes of the biosynthetic pathway from glutamate to uroporphyrinogen III
journal J Bacteriol
ui Bshcwee
year (1991)
volume 173
number 8
pages 2590-9
keywords Amino Acid Sequence
abstract We have recently reported (M. Petricek, L. Rutberg, I. Schroder, and L. Hederstedt, J. Bacteriol. 172: 2250-2258, 1990) the cloning and sequence of a Bacillus subtilis chromosomal DNA fragment containing hemA proposed to encode the NAD(P)H-dependent glutamyl-tRNA reductase of the C5 pathway for 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) synthesis, hemX encoding a hydrophobic protein of unknown function, and hemC encoding hydroxymethylbilane synthase. In the present communication, we report the sequences and identities of three additional hem genes located immediately downstreatm of hemC, namely, hemD encoding uroporphyrinogen III synthase, hemB encoding porphobilinogen synthase, and hemL encoding glutamate-1-semialdehyde 2,1-aminotransferase. The six genes are proposed to constitute a hem operon encoding enzymes required for the synthesis of uroporphyrinogen III from glutamyl-tRNA. hemA, hemB, hemC, and hemD have all been shown to be essential for heme synthesis. However, deletion of an internal 427-bp fragment of hemL did not create a growth requirement for ALA or heme, indicating that formation of ALA from glutamate-1-semialdehyde can occur spontaneously in vivo or that this reaction may also be catalyzed by other enzymes. An analysis of B. subtilis carrying integrated plasmids or deletions-substitutions in or downstream of hemL indicates that no further genes in heme synthesis are part of the proposed hem operon.
last changed 2008/05/21 16:26

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