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B6db references: dattacs

type Journal Article
authors Yip, W. K.; Moore, T.; Yang, S. F.
title Differential accumulation of transcripts for four tomato 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase homologs under various conditions
journal Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
ui Dattacs
year (1992)
volume 89
number 6
pages 2475-9
keywords Amino Acid Sequence
abstract Degenerate oligonucleotide primers corresponding to conserved regions flanking the active-site domain of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (EC were used for the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify DNA fragments from mRNA isolated from tomato fruit and tomato suspension cell culture. Antibodies raised against two conserved peptide sequences (TNPSNPLGTT and SLSKDLGLPGFRVG) were used to screen for positive colonies, after the PCR products were cloned into a Bluescript plasmid and expressed in Escherichia coli. Four distinct cDNA fragments encoding ACC synthase homologs were isolated. While pBTAS1 and pBTAS4 were obtained from fruit mRNA, cell culture mRNA yielded three sequences, pBTAS1, pBTAS2, and pBTAS3. Sequencing of these gene fragments revealed that pBTAS1 and pBTAS4 were identical to those full-length sequences previously reported by Van Der Straeten et al. [Van Der Straeten, D., Van Wiemeersch, L., Goodman, H. & Van Montague, M. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87, 4859-4863] and Olson et al. [Olson, D. C., White, J. A., Edelman, J., Harkin, R. N. & Kende, H. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 5340-5344] from tomato fruit, whereas pBTAS2 and pBTAS3 represent new sequences. Ribonuclease protection assays were used to examine the expression of these transcripts under three different conditions of enhanced ethylene production--namely, during fruit ripening, in response to mechanical wounding in fruit tissue, and auxin stimulation in vegetative tissue. Transcripts of pBTAS1 accumulated massively during ripening and wounding but only slightly in response to auxin treatment. Although pBTAS4 was associated with fruit ripening, it was unresponsive to auxin treatment in vegetative tissue. In contrast, the expression of pBTAS2 and pBTAS3 was greatly promoted in auxin-treated vegetative tissue but was absent from fruit tissue. While the expression of pBTAS2 was moderately dependent on wounding, pBTAS3 was unresponsive to wounding. These data support the view that ACC synthase is encoded by a multigene family and that the members are differentially expressed in response to developmental, environmental, and hormonal factors.
last changed 2008/04/25 17:36

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