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B6db references: qqsclds

type Journal Article
authors Witthohn, K.; Naumann, C. M.
title Qualitative and quantitative studies on the compounds of the larval defensive secretion of Zygaena trifolii (Esper, 1783) (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Zygaenidae)
journal Comp Biochem Physiol C
ui Qqsclds
year (1984)
volume 79
number 1
pages 103-6
keywords Alanine/*analogs & derivatives/analysis
abstract Beside the known existence of cyanoglucosides (linamarin and lotaustralin) and proteins the neurotoxin beta-cyanoalanine has been demonstrated for the first time in the defensive secretions of animals. It is proposed that beta-cyanoalanine is produced by metabolizing cyanide from the cyanoglucosides. The methanolic precipitated protein fraction contains high amounts of aspartic acid, glycine, alanine, leucine and serine, thus being similar to the composition of larval silks in Lepidoptera. The defensive secretion contains 85% water, 8% proteins, 7% cyanoglucosides, 0.3% beta-cyanoalanine and beta-glucosidase while beta-cyanoalanine-synthetase could only be detected in the haemolymph.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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