Activities | Families | Sequences | Fold types | References | Help
B6db help: 621d

Topic B6db general

Welcome on B6db


Enzymes that contain vitamin B6 – pyridoxal-5' phosphate (PLP) – as a cofactor are of great relevance to biology and medicine. B6-dependent enzymes belong to a small number of evolutionary lineages, but encompass more than 300 distinct catalytic functions, thus representing a remarkable example of divergent evolution.


Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble compound that was discoverd in 1930s during nutrition studies on rats. The vitamin was named pyridoxine to indicate its structural homology to pyridine. Later it was shown that vitamin B6 could exist in two other, slightly different, chemical forms, termed pyridoxal and pyridoxamine: all three forms of vitamin B6 are precursor of an activated compound known as pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), which plays a vital role as the cofactor of a large number of essential enzymes in the human body.

last changed 2020/07/01 12:37

B6db help